Asthma is a chronic lung disorder characterized by breathing difficulties. People with asthma have hyper-responsive, extra sensitive airways. During an asthma attack, irritated airways react by narrowing and constricting. This causes increased resistance to airflow and prevent air flow through the bronchial passages and the lungs.
There are two main types of drug treatment of asthma:
* Long-term control Medicines: also called safety valves, taken daily, usually for a long time, to control chronic symptoms and asthma episodes or to prevent attacks. Effects of these drugs is generally felt after taking them for a few weeks. long-term control medication needed for people with persistent asthma.
* Quick Relief Medicines: also called relievers, give rapid, short-term treatment and was taken off when asthma symptoms worsen, which can lead to asthma attacks or episodes. This medicine is effective within a few minutes.
Drugs, such as two of our hormones, can help reduce asthma symptoms. Both hormones are adrenaline, epinephrine is known in the United States, and the banned anabolic steroid hydrocortisone. There are other resources that help in the treatment of asthma. Although drugs can eliminate all symptoms in patients with mild asthma, more severe or prolonged cases of asthma are generally not good results.
Adrenaline, also called adrenaline, is injected into our bloodstream in cases of sudden fear or in an emergency. This is a fast-acting hormone made by the adrenal glands near our kidneys. This causes the pulse racing, heart pounding and your body readies for emergency response. In asthma, this adrenaline-like drugs rapidly reduce symptoms of asthma for a short time, and called relievers.
Hydrocortisone produced by the adrenal glands to the outside we called ‘cortex’. This is also partly an “emergency hormone” but it works much slower, with a very different way to adrenaline, and lasts for a longer period. Drugs like hydrocortisone may gradually the air layer in asthmatics tube looks like a normal, healthy air channel. It caused a less severe asthma and a lower risk of asthma attacks. Therefore this is a steroid drug called safety valves. Additional asthma ‘safety valve’, but steroids are most effective. Most people with asthma have both safety valves and relievers.
Usually the most effective way to bring these drugs is to inhale them. That is, you inhale through the nose or mouth.
The reasons you inhale them are:
* The way to work faster,
* Since you need a small dose of the drug, and
* You will not suffer the same amount of side effects.
The speed with which effective drugs is essential, so the adrenaline-like action. Quick relief medications are only used acute at the time of the attack or attacks to come. A kind of quick relief medications are inhaled short-acting bronchodilators. Bronchodilating effect by relaxing the muscles around the airways constrict. They help to quickly open airways and ease breathing. Occaisionally, they called a “rescue” or “relief” medicines because they have an asthma attack to stop quickly. These medicines act quickly but their effects last only for a short duration. It is recommended that the help of medication initially faster when you begin to feel asthma symptoms like wheezing, coughing, stuffy chest, or wheezing. People with asthma should always be in possession of one of the inhalers in case of an attack. In the event of a severe attack, your doctor may prescribe steroids to treat inflammation.
Long-term control medications include:
* Long-acting beta-agonists, a sort of long-term control medication. They are bronchodilators, not anti-inflammatory drugs. These medications are used to control moderate to severe asthma to help in the prevention of nocturnal symptoms. Long-acting beta-agonists are taken in conjunction with corticosteroid drugs.
* Cromolyn and nedocromil are two long-term control medications are used to treat mild persistent asthma.
* Leukotriene modifiers (eg Zafirlukast, montelukast and zileuton) are long-term control drugs administered either alone to treat mild persistent asthma or together with inhaled corticosteroids for moderate or severe persistent asthma, persistent asthma.
* This is the most effective long-term control medications for asthma are inhaled. The reason is that these drugs reduce the swelling of the airways that the risk of an asthma attack increase. Inhaled corticosteroids (or steroids for short) is the preferred treatment for mild persistent asthma controlling, moderate and severe. They are safe if taken as prescribed by your doctor. Inhaled medications directly into the affected lung. There are many types of inhalers used by different methods. It is therefore important to know the correct way to use your inhaler. In some cases, steroid tablets or liquids in the short term to control asthma symptoms. Liquid or tablet varieties can also be used in the treatment of severe asthma.
* Theophylline is a long-term control medication used either alone or mild persistent asthma with inhaled corticosteroids in the treatment of persistent asthma to treat. People who have their theophylline blood tested regularly checked to ensure proper dosage.
If you stop eating the long-term control medicines, your asthma back. Optimal, one must use at least medication necessary to manage asthma symptoms.
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